Effectiveness of Using Gumamela Ink among Grade 12 ABM Students in Bestlink College of The Philippines


  • Angelo Balila
  • Patrick Adrian Rodriguez
  • Rose Luay
  • Catherine Atienza
  • Desireei Sehiyo
  • Kimberly Joyce Embile


gumamela ink


The research focused on how organic ink affects the life of a user and the environment. The study showed the aspects that may lead to the cleanliness of the environment and ensure the health of Grade 12 Accountancy, Business, and Management (ABM)students of Bestlink College of the Philippines. A qualitative method was used in this study using the descriptive research design. This study involved 50 selected respondents from Grade 12 ABM students. Using gumamela ink, teachers and students may use a medium of gumamela marker in school to lessen their expense in buying markers. Gumamela ink can help the students in saving expenses in printing projects and in buying ballpens and markers. This study revealed that using organic ink in markers, highlighters, and ballpens will allow the user to use it in different ways. The pigment or color of organic ink should be good to get the best color of the ink. The smell should have a good fragrance to avoid any allergy and discomfort for the user. It is advisable to improve the color of the gumamela ink and know what ingredient can improve the absorption of the ink, rate of the stick consistency, and odor.



How to Cite

Balila, A. ., Rodriguez, P. A. ., Luay, R. ., Atienza, C. ., Sehiyo, D. ., & Embile, K. J. . (2020). Effectiveness of Using Gumamela Ink among Grade 12 ABM Students in Bestlink College of The Philippines. Ascendens Asia Singapore – Bestlink College of the Philippines Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2(1). Retrieved from https://ojs.aaresearchindex.com/index.php/aasgbcpjmra/article/view/1371

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