Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

    Note that your paper will be submitted to (Plagiarism Detection Software) to check the similarity score.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format. Please do NOT submit in pdf.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-column; single-spaced; uses an 11-point font (except for section headings which is 12); employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. The Book Antiqua font should be used for all text in the paper. Use A4 page set-up. The top and bottom margins are 1.4 inches and the right/left margins are 1.2 inches.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the submissions page under Author Guidelines, which are also found in About the Journal.

Author Guidelines

Download Template Here

Authors should make their submissions via the online submission system to send their papers for review.

Note that we are currently migrating to a new version of OJS, and as a result, potential authors will need to contact us at to complete their submission.

All authors should include their ORCID in the paper.

Papers must contain at least 5500 words, including references.

All references must strictly follow the APA style (7th edition). DOIs must be included where available. If DOI is not available, insert another URL where the material was taken from.

As far as possible, the abstract must be in a single paragraph and must be between 150-250 words.

As far as possible, the conclusion must be in a single paragraph and must be between 175-300 words.

Authors may use either American English or British English in their paper but not a combination of both. While submitting their paper, authors should state which type of English they have used in their paper. In case they have forgotten to do that while submitting the paper via the online system, they are requested to send an email to to inform us of the type of English they have used.

Guidelines for APA referencing (7th edition) can be found at:

The template can be downloaded from the Author Guidelines section found at You may also email to receive a copy via email.

We take references very seriously. Authors should ensure that all references are complete and written strictly as per APA 7th Edition. If the DOI of an article is not available, provide the URL of the webpage from where the material was taken.

If your paper has a survey, as far as possible, add the survey questions at the end of the paper (in the same document) in an appendix after the references. Avoid submitting supplementary files as far as possible. In case you are submitting a supplementary, please send us an email to explain the contents of each supplementary file. Submit all supplementary documents in MS Word format as far as possible, unless it is not possible.

Authors should also ensure that their papers are written in good English. If the paper is not written in good English, the paper can be rejected straight away. Authors whose native language is not English or who do not have a  good command of English are required to use an editing service to improve their papers before submission.

The author submitting the paper must ensure that the names and affiliations of all the other authors are correctly added to the system.TTIJER will return the paper for amendments if this is not done. This will delay the process considerably.

Papers that are not submitted according to the submission guidelines will be rejected.


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer-reviewed

Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission Fees: 0.00 (USD)
There are no fees for submitting articles to the journal.

Online Article Publication: 100.00 (USD)

If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee of $100 USD to cover publications costs. This fee is applicable for articles with less than 6000 words.

Articles with 6000 words or more will carry an additional fee of $50 for every additional group of 1000 words (or part of). For example, if your paper has 7600 words, the publication fees will be $200 USD.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.