Effects of Using Filipino Language during English Classes on Performance of Grade 11 HUMSS Strand Students in Bestlink College of the Philippines
Keywords:English, code-switching, students, English proficiency
Although the Philippines uses the Filipino language, English is used as the primary medium of instruction, and its presence ensures sufficient exposure to provide proficiency. However, recent studies show that some factors in English classes, such as untranslatable complex words, would lead to the misinterpretation of the lessons, thereby resulting in the poor performance of students. Hence, Filipino words are suggested as a translation tool to provide words that would fit the meaning of the English word, but its use may affect the teachers and especially students, which can result in additional misunderstandings. The design of the study is descriptive research. The survey is used to gather data from the selected 80 Grade 11 Humanities and Social Sciences Strand students by using questionnaires, which collect data from respondents through a set of questions. The team used a random sampling technique where each individual is randomly chosen. To interpret the data gathered, the researchers use a 5-point Likert scale. The information gathered from the questionnaires will serve as the primary data that will be used to answer the statement of the problem. The interpretation of the gathered data shows the following results of using Filipino during English classes. With a total average weighted mean of 3.88, which is interpreted as agreed, students agree that it would affect their academic performance on these subjects. It has positive effects on major exams, which was interpreted as agreed with a total average weighted mean of 3.97. However, with a total average weighted mean of 3.23, which is interpreted as undecided, most of the students are undecided on its effect on their grades. The data gathered also show a total average weighted mean of 4.38, which is interpreted as agreed. The students believe that it has positive effect on them as students. As for the teachers, with a total average weighted mean of 3.66, students agree that it would have a positive effect on the teachers as well. The researchers conclude that utilizing the Filipino language in English classes would be beneficial to students and teachers. The use of the Filipino language creates a link between teachers and students in communicating ideas and thoughts. Good communication improves understanding between participants. As such, the researchers suggest that teachers should consider using Filipino in their teaching method to help students in their studies and improve their grades.