Effects of Parenting on Academic Performance of Grade 6Students at Deparo Elementary School
Keywords:academic performance, effects, parenting
It is the parents’ nature to love and care for their children. Each has their ways of parenting to provide and attend to their children’s needs, support their talents and potentials, guide them into learning and exploring skills, and know when to encourage and discourage their behavior. As children begin their education at home, parents take the responsibility as their first teacher and mentor. This study utilized the three common parenting styles, that is, authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive parenting, that affect the students’ academic performance in terms of their cognitive, emotional, and social aspects. A descriptive method was used in this study, and 45 Grade 6students were selected as the respondents of the study through purposive sampling. The gathered data were constructed through a checklist and pretesting of two Grade 5students who are not part of the respondents for validation. The questionnaires were administered personally to briefly explain their contents, and the researchers waited for the respondents to fill it up to ensure 100% retrieval. The raw data were carefully reviewed, tallied, and analyzed using different statistical tools, such as frequency and percentage distribution, weighted mean, and ranking. The results showed that authoritative parenting had the highest weighted mean of 4.1, while authoritarian and permissive parenting had the weighted means of 3.8 and 3.1, respectively. The authoritative parenting style is the common style used by the respondents, which affects their lives and behavior, as well as their learning abilities and capacities as learners. Actively participates, behaves well, and is motivated are the first three ranks on the effects of good parenting. The effects of parenting on the academic performance of the respondents in terms of the emotional aspects had the highest weighted mean of 3.8, while cognitive and social aspects had the weighted means of 3.6 and 3.5, respectively. Parents have the most significant role in their children’s support system, especially when they were growing up and as they shape their future. The researchers recommended that parents should work hand in hand regarding the education and character building of their children. In school, teachers as the second parents of the child should be more sensitive to the behavior of their learners and discuss it with the parents every end of the quarter or as soon as a behavior is upsetting or worrisome. Parents and teachers should build a partnership in shaping and molding the character and behavior of every child.