Basic Literacy Program in Reformation of Persons Deprived of Liberty in Makati City Jail


  • Kenilyn Dawal
  • Blessie Lyn Deliva
  • Angelica Delmar
  • Nica Inocencio
  • Sybill Kim Gallardo
  • Denise Anne Osorio, MS Crim (OP)


basic literacy program, reformation, person deprived of liberty


Prison education is any educational activity that occurs inside the prison. Courses can include basic literacy programs, secondary school equivalency programs, vocational education, and tertiary education. Other activities such as rehabilitation programs, physical education, and arts and crafts programs may also be considered a form of prison education. The focus of the study is on the Basic Literacy System (BLS) programs; their effectiveness will be assessed in terms of writing, reading, and arithmetic. Similarly, the study aimed to determine the problems encountered by persons deprived of liberty (PDLs) as they undergo the BLS Program in their facility. The researchers utilized descriptive-correlational design because it is designed to provide a snapshot of the current state of affairs. The descriptive method is the investigation that describes and interprets data observed or gathered. Correlational research is a type of research designed to discover relationships among variables and allow the prediction of future events from present knowledge. Given that this study focused on the present effectiveness of the educational program in the values of the PDLs and their personality, descriptive design was highly suggested. To determine the PDLs’ state before and during imprisonment if there is a change in their personality during incarceration, a correlational design was chosen. The researchers utilized the population census or total enumeration based on the number of PDLs who are enrolled or enlisted in the BLS program. The respondents were described according to different demographic profiles. A total of 50% of the respondents are from the age range of 26–33 years old. A total of 100% of the respondents are male, 60% are married, and 60% are uneducated. Basic Literacy Programs are in place for the Sybil reformation of PDLs in terms of writing, reading, and arithmetic. The respondents also encountered problems such as lack of lecturers, classrooms, speech equipment, instructional and reading materials and workbooks, and math books. The results of the study can be used to improve the facilities to sustain the implementation of an educational program for the reformation of PDLs.



How to Cite

Dawal, K. ., Deliva, B. L. ., Delmar, A. ., Inocencio, N. ., Gallardo, S. K. ., & Osorio, MS Crim (OP), D. A. . (2020). Basic Literacy Program in Reformation of Persons Deprived of Liberty in Makati City Jail. Ascendens Asia Singapore – Bestlink College of the Philippines Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2(1). Retrieved from

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