Basic Literacy Program in Reformation of Persons Deprived of Liberty at Makati City Jail
Keywords:basic literacy program, reformation, persons deprived of liberty
Prison education is any educational activity that occurs inside the prison. Courses can include basic literacy programs, secondary school equivalency programs, vocational education, and tertiary education. Other activities such as rehabilitation programs, physical education, and arts and crafts programs may also be considered a form of prison education. The focus of the study will be the BLS programs. The effectiveness of this program will be assessed in terms of writing, reading, and arithmetic. Similarly, the problems encountered in the BLS program in the jail will be assessed in terms of writing, reading, and arithmetic. The researchers utilized the descriptive-correlational design because it is designed to provide a snapshot of the current state of affairs. The descriptive method was used in the investigation because it describes and interprets data observed or gathered. The descriptive research design was used to provide a snapshot of the current state of affairs. Correlational research is research designed to discover relationships among variables and allow the prediction of future events from present knowledge. Given that this study takes a look into the present effectiveness of the educational program in the values of persons deprived of liberty (PDLs) and their personality, the inmate’s state before and during imprisonment should be a state of determining if there is a change in their personality during incarceration. The researchers utilized the population census or total enumeration based on the number of inmates who are enrolled or enlisted in the BLP program. The respondents were described according to different demographic profiles. A total of 50% of the respondents are from the age range of 26–33 years old. A total of 100% of the respondents are male, 60% are married, and 60% are uneducated. The Basic Literacy Program in Reformation of PDLs is in place in terms of writing, reading, and arithmetic. The respondents also encountered problems such as lack of lecturers, classrooms, speech equipment, instructional and reading materials and workbooks, and math books. The results of the study can be used to improve the facilities to sustain the implementation of the educational program for the reformation of the persons deprived of liberty.