The Torch International Journal of Science, Technology, and Environment Research (TTIJSTER) is an open-access journal established to disseminate the most recent studies in the field of science, technology, environment, environmental sciences, similar disciplines, marine environment and education, and infomation and communication technology. TTIJSTER welcomes research articles from academics, educators, teachers, trainers, researchers, professional, practitioners, students and other practitioners on all aspects to publishing high-quality peer-reviewed papers. Papers for publication in the TTIJSTER are selected through precise peer-review to ensure quality, originality, appropriateness, significance, and readability. Authors are solicited to contribute to this journal by submitting articles that illustrate research results, projects, original surveys, and case studies that describe significant advances in the fields of management, business, economics, etc. Authors are invited to submit papers to this journal through the online submission system. Submissions must be original and should not have been published previously or be under consideration for publication while being evaluated by TTIJSTER.