Research on Car-Sharing Model and Governance in China
Keywords:Sharing economy; Internet ; Car sharing; Business model
In April 2017, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly issued the Mid - and Long-term Development Plan for the Automobile Industry, pointing out that car-sharing will become an important development direction of China's automobile industry in the future. Car sharing can increase the use rate of cars by more than four times compared to private cars to 5.1 times per day, with an average distance of 20 kilometers per trip. The sharing economy is expected to account for 10 percent of China's GROSS domestic product by 2020 and 20 percent by 2025, said the Deputy Director of the State Information Center of China. Car sharing In the context of the rapid development of sharing economy, car-sharing has made great progress in recent years and gradually become a mainstream mode of travel. Using literature analysis, I consulted a large number of works on public management, governance theory, and sharing economy theory at home and abroad, and collected research materials through network inquiry, database inquiry, and books. Through comparative analysis, this paper compares the relevant policies and regulations issued by local governments on car sharing in China and the governance measures taken by local governments on car sharing. Through the collection and comparison of these measures, I have drawn some empirical insights and have concluded four suggestions for the development of car-sharing governance: 1. Strengthen credit system evaluation and supervision. 2. Improve the scale and network degree. 3. Improve auto financing services. 4. Strengthen cooperation and sharing between enterprises and the government. At present, there are still defects in relevant policies and laws of car-sharing, and the management of the car-sharing industry is frequently chaotic. It is challenging to meet the actual needs of users in the actual operation of car-sharing. Government departments should make timely policy adjustments in the face of changes in the form of car-sharing development, and car-sharing enterprises should strive to share social responsibilities while making profits. With the continuous development of shared cars, enterprises should not only be limited to immediate interests, but also constantly improve the overall technical level of the shared car industry, actively find opportunities and have the courage to meet challenges. Standing on the new historical stage, the sharing economy is bound to embrace a broader prospect of development.
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