Developing Standard Mesh Diagram for Filipinos
Keywords:Cephalometry, facial proportion, mesh diagram
The objective of this study was to develop a standard mesh diagram for Filipino that would serve as a template guide for the cephalometric analysis interpretation. Purposive sampling technique was used in determining the target population. The study was limited to sixty subjects. Thirty males and thirty females who met the criteria set by the researcher: must be currently enrolled in Centro Escolar University, Manila ages 18 to 24 years old, with esthetically accepted soft tissue profile, no history of orthodontic treatment, with complete set of teeth up to second molar, 3rd molar is not considered, with 6mm or less dental crowding, with class I (angle) molar relationship and of Filipino decent up to 3rd generation. Lateral cephalogram were taken for each of them. Male tends to have a longer upper facial height compare with the female. Male measured with a longer cranial base length compare with the female, t –test showed that the discrepancy is insignificant. Both soft tissue profiles of the two groups showed minimal protrusion. Super imposition revealed that the male’s soft tissue is a little protrusive than the female’s, t-test revealed that the difference is insignificant. The study also proves that the male tends to have a longer facial height compare to female. Maxillary length of the male subjects is longer compare to the female group. However both maxilla of the two groups shows almost the same degree of inclination. The mandibular length of female when compared to the male subjects is the same. But the inclination of the mandible of the male group is steeper than of the female group. Upper incisors for male showed more labial tipping than the female. While lower incisors position are the same for both groups.